Tech Terms 6

Windows:
Windows is a series of operating systems developed by Microsoft. Each version of Windows includes a graphical user interface, with a desktop that allows users to view files and folders in windows. For the past two decades, Windows has been the most widely used operating system for personal computers PCs.
Microsoft Windows is designed for both home computing and professional purposes. Past versions of Windows home editions include Windows 3.0 (1990), Windows 3.1 (1992), Windows 95 (1995), Windows 98 (1998), Windows Me (2000), Windows XP (2001), and Windows Vista (2006). The current version, Windows 7, was released in 2009.
The first business-oriented version of Windows, called Windows NT 3.1, was in 1993. This was followed by Windows 3.5, 4.0, and Windows 2000. When Microsoft released Windows XP in 2001, the company simply created different editions of the operating system for personal and business purposes. Windows Vista and Windows 7 have followed the same release strategy.
Windows is designed to run on standard x86 hardware, such as Intel and AMD processors. Therefore, it can be installed on multiple brands of hardware, such as Dell, HP, and Sony computers, as well as home-built PCs. Windows 7 also includes several touchscreen features, that allow the operating system to run on certain tablets and computers with touchscreen displays. Microsoft's mobile operating system, Windows Phone, is designed specifically for smartphones and runs on several brands of phones, including HTC, Nokia, and Samsung.

WEP:
Stands for "Wired Equivalent Privacy." WEP is a security protocol for Wi-Fi networks. Since wireless networks transmit data over radio waves, it is easy to intercept data or "eavesdrop" on wireless data transmissions. The goal of WEP is to make wireless networks as secure as wired networks, such as those connected by Ethernet cables.
The wired equivalent privacy protocol adds security to a wireless network by encrypting the data. If the data is intercepted, it will be unrecognizable to system that intercepted the data, since it is encrypted. However, authorized systems on the network will be able to recognize the data because they all use the same encryption algorithm. Systems on a WEP-secured network can typically be authorized by entering a network password.

Ajax:
Ajax is a combination of Web development technologies used for creating dynamic websites. While the term "Ajax" is not written in all caps like most tech acronyms, the letters stand for "Asynchronous JavaScript And XML." Therefore, websites that use Ajax combine JavaScript and XML to display dynamic content.
The "asynchronous" part of Ajax refers to the way requests are made to the Web server. When a script sends a request to the Web server, it may receive data, which can then be displayed on the Web page. Since these events happen at slightly different times, they are considered to be asynchronous. Most Ajax implementations use the XMLHttpRequest API, which includes a list of server requests that can be called within JavaScript code. The data is usually sent back to the browser in an XML format, since it is easy to parse. However, it is possible for the server to send data as unformatted plain text as well.

Bing:
Bing is a search engine developed by Microsoft. It provides a standard web search, as well as specialized searches for images, videos, shopping, news, maps, and other categories.
Bing originated from MSN Search, which later became Windows Live Search (or simply "Live Search"). Microsoft renamed the search engine to "Bing" in June of 2009. The name change also reflected Microsoft's new direction with the search engine, which the company branded as a "decision engine." Bing is designed to help users make important decisions faster. This focus is summarized in the search engine's slogan, "Bing and decide."
Bing differentiates itself from other search engines like Google and Yahoo in several different ways. For instance, Bing's home page includes a background image or video that is updated every day. You can click on different areas of the background to learn more about the daily topic. Bing also uses Microsoft's proprietary search algorithm to provide relevant search results. These results may include "instant answers," which provide helpful information at the top of the search results page for specific types of queries. The search results may also include images, videos, shopping information, or news stories that are relevant to the keywords you entered.
You can choose to sign into Bing using your Windows Live ID or your Facebook login. When you are logged into Facebook, Bing displays which of your friends "Like" specific webpages in the search results. If you want even more Facebook integration, you can download the "Bing Bar," which provides News Feed updates directly from the toolbar in Internet Explorer. The Bing Bar also provides one-click access to weather, maps, videos, stock quotes, and other information.
WordPress:
WordPress is a free content management system used to build and maintain websites. Its ease of use and unique blogging features have helped it become the most popular blogging tool on the web.
WordPress provides a web-based user interface for designing, publishing, and updating websites. Instead of writing HTML, you can simply choose one of many different website templates or "themes" that has a design you like. You can then modify the layout and build a custom navigation bar. Once the site layout is complete, you can use WordPress' online interface to create individual pages. Each page may include formatted text, links, images, and other media. You can publish completed webpages or blog updates by simply clicking the Publish button.
The WordPress interface makes it easy for anyone without web development experience to create and publish a website. The built-in blogging tools provide a simple way to track individual posts, visitors, and user comments. If WordPress' built-in capabilities are not sufficient for your needs, you can install different plug-ins that provide extra features. Examples include social media buttons, image galleries, and web forum tools.

While there are thousands of WordPress templates and plug-ins available, the WordPress system still has its limitations. Because it is a template-based service, you must begin with a pre-built website rather than create pages from scratch. Additionally, you cannot insert scripts or maintain a database with the same level of control that a custom website offers. Therefore, most companies and large organizations still hand-code websites or develop them using a WYSIWYG editor like Dreamweaver.
For many individuals, however, WordPress provides a great blogging system that is both convenient and free. There is no cost to sign up for WordPress or to use the service. It is even free to publish a custom website or blog at the wordpress.com domain (such as custom-name.wordpress.com). However, if you want a custom website address or need extra features, such as more disk space or premium themes, WordPress offers "Premium" and "Business" services for an annual fee.
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