Internet of things (IoT)

Internet of things

Our digital world is strewn with sensors technology that picking up everything from movement to small and became a basic enabling technology in many instances. Due to lower costs, simpler configuration and maintenance the significance of sensor technology is constantly growing. Sensors allow us to monitor our surroundings in ways we could barely imagine a few years ago. New sensor applications are being identified everyday not only by research agencies, companies and government institutions, but also by enthusiasts and students which broadens the scope of the technology and expands its impact on everyday life. Today, a large number of different means are used to enable communication between heterogeneous devices.



A sensor is not a device. It doesn’t do anything in the same sense that a piece of equipment does. It collects, processes, measures, it evaluates; in short, it gathers data around the particular environment. The Internet of Things really comes together with the connection of sensors and machine equipment. All the information collected and gathered by all the sensors in the world isn’t worth if there isn’t a ground work infrastructure to analyze it in real-time. The Internet of Things (IoT, sometimes Internet of Everything) is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with micro and macro electronics, software sensors, and link to permit objects to exchange data with the company manufacturer, operate connected devices based on the infrastructure of International Telecommunication Union's Global Standards Initiative. This Standard allows things to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure. More Often, IoT is insisted to give advanced connectivity ofmachines, system devices, and amenities that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications simply it represents “how billions of things are connecting with one another”.

The Internet of Things extends internet connectivity beyond traditional devices like PC and laptops, smartphones , gadgets and tablets to a distinct range of devices and everyday things that utilize embedded technology to communicate and interact with the external environment, all via the Internet. There is Estimation saying that More than 50 billion devices will be connected to the Internet by 2020. Not just smartphones gadgets, devices and tablets, but almost anything with a sensor on it – analyze trends to create delightful shopping experiences ,coffee makers, cars, cattle, doctors office, track out your lost keys,  heat your room efficiently,  lighting streets based on sensor perception, use electricity more efficiently, machines in production plants, monitor aging family members,  Environmental hazards check , remote monitoring for millions of patients jet engines, oil drills, track water level, wearable devices, and more. This network is called the Internet of Things (IoT). It is a scenario where objects, animals or people are stipulated with unique distinct identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.thing, in the Internet of Things, an automobile device that has built-in sensors to alert the driver -- or any other natural or artificial(man-made) object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network. These “things” talk to each other, collect streaming observational data and perceptions, and can tell people about the finest way to customized usage in real time. When we start making things intelligent, it’s going to be a key role for making new products and new services.



In other words, humans could easily assign an IP address to every "thing" on the planet. IoT is increasing the connectivity of people and things on a scale that once was unimaginable. The connection of devices, systems, machines, and things allows you to dynamically produce, generates, analyze, process, evaluates and interconnect intelligence data.

Examples that fall into the scope of Internet of Things include connected security systems, thermostats, cars, electronic appliances and lights in household and commercial environments, alarm clocks, speaker systems, vending machines, remotely monitor and manage your home and cut down on your monthly bills and resource usage and more.

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